Black chokeberry: useful properties and contraindications
Black chokeberry fruits have long been used by our ancestors for numerous ailments. In addition, they are widely used in the culinary field, as well as for the manufacture of useful masks in cosmetology. Due to the rich vitamin and mineral composition, this product has a large list of useful properties. The chemical composition and healing properties, as well as harms have long been studied, so blackberry is used as a tonic for the whole body and strengthen the immune system.
- What is the difference between blackthorn and red mountain ash
- Differences of blackthorn rowan from the ashberry
- Composition and calories
- Useful properties of blackthorn berries
- General benefits
- For Women
- For Men
- In pregnancy
- For children
- When losing weight
- What is the usefulness of the juice of wild rowanberry
- Blackthorn berries decoction usefulness
- Blackthorn ash tincture: benefits and harms
- Blackthorn ash jam advantage
- Black chokeberry in medicine
- For pancreatitis
- With gout
- Blackthorn berries in cosmetology
- Harm and Contraindications
- How to Choose and Store Blackthorn
- Can I freeze?
- What can be cooked from wild rowanberry: Recipes
- Interesting Facts about Blackthorn
Black-fruited rowan also bears such names as aronia or black rowan. Such a plant blooms in late spring, and berries ripen by the beginning of autumn. The shrub got its name for the color of the fruits, which have a rich black color. The fruits can be used as food in their pristine form or used to make various drinks.
This is interesting! The plant appeared in the middle of the 19th century. It was used as an ornamental shrub. Only by the middle of the 20th century, scientists discovered all the unique characteristics of berries.
Even from the Greek language aronia translates as "benefit". Black chokeberry has many vitamins and minerals. Among them we can distinguish vitamins C, K, P, representatives of the vitamin group B, in addition to macro- and microelements: iron, manganese, fluorine and others.
What is the difference between the black and red rowan
Black chokeberry is distinguished from the plant with red fruits primarily by its appearance. Black chokeberry has larger berries, and it is recommended to collect them before the onset of frost. The red rowan, on the other hand, remains on the tree even in snowy weather.
Both representatives of the rowan are characterized by useful properties. The black rowan has a lower sugar content, which allows you to include it in the menu of diabetic patients. In addition, the tart berries of the chokeberry have a beneficial effect on mental activity. Black chokeberry contains a high percentage of iodine, vitamin C and various elements necessary to maintain human health.
The differences between the black chokeberry and the chokeberry
Like the chokeberry, the black chokeberry belongs to the same Rosaceae family. Common to these types of crops is that they have a lot of vitamin P, it is very useful for the elderly, as well as for those who have a tendency to develop diseases of the circulatory system.
Aronia has round, sweet, slightly tart berries, characterized by a black color. In the composition found organic compounds, fructose, vitamins, macro-and micronutrients. You can use the product fresh or make jam, juice and compote from it. Also black mountain ash is used to obtain dyes of natural origin, which are used in cooking and in pharmaceutical production. In addition, the fruits of chokeberry can cleanse the body of salts of various metals.
The fruits of the chokeberry also have a round shape and a dark color. The berries help reduce cholesterol, have a bactericidal and anti-inflammatory effect. Used fresh, in the form of jam, jelly, wine, juice.
Composition and calories
There is a large list of useful compounds in rowan berries with black fruits, all of which must necessarily enter the human body with food. The berries are especially enriched with vitamins of the group B, K, P, C. Also tocopherol, beta-carotene are found in the fruit. Of mineral compounds in the composition of the culture can be found iron, fluorine, manganese.
A distinctive characteristic of blackberry is a high content of iodine. From this we can conclude that rowanberry is a product that is used for the prevention of pathologies of the endocrine system.
Ascorbic acid, which is present in black rowan fruits, is important for the health of internal organs and increasing immunity. Often black rowan is included in various vitamin teas, infusions and decoctions, which can cure many diseases.
Vitamin P prevents the premature aging process. The content of this flavonoid in rowanberries is more than twice as high as in blackcurrants. It is enough to eat a handful of black berries to provide a daily dose of this substance. Iodine in berries is also several times more than in strawberries and raspberries.
The caloric value is quite low, only 55 calories per 100 grams.
Useful properties of black chokeberry
- The presence of a large amount of pectin in the fruits of black rowan contributes to the removal of heavy metals and radionuclides from the body, the restoration of microflora, improving intestinal function. It is enough to consume a few berries before meals to speed up the metabolism and get rid of stomach discomfort.
- The rowan berries act as a preventive agent against the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. Also, the fruit can normalize blood pressure. In addition, berries help to clean the blood vessels, reduce cholesterol. Vascular walls become more flexible and elastic.
- Black chokeberry berries are characterized by anti-allergic and antioxidant effects, which leads to a strengthening of the immune system. Black chokeberry helps to protect the body from colds. In certain studies, it has been proven that the fruits of this plant can be used for the prevention of cancer.
- Aronia is useful in pathologies of the thyroid gland and diabetes mellitus. Used the fruits of the black rowan and in the fight against excess weight. They can maintain blood glucose levels and prevent the development of a false sense of hunger.
- The product has low calories, so you can safely include it in your diet.
- In case of sleep disorders, nervous tension, mood swings, chokeberry will also prove useful.
- The juice of the black chokeberry plant thinens the blood, restores blood flow enriched with oxygen, which improves the functioning of all organs and systems.
- Decoction of black rowan leaves has a choleretic effect, as a result of which the work of the liver is facilitated.
- The use of fresh berries or juice of rowan berries promotes the removal of excess fluid from the body. This leads to the fact that the likelihood of edema of the extremities is reduced.
Black mountain ash has a high content of iodine. This makes the product indispensable for the health of the beautiful half of humanity. After all, iodine has a positive effect on the work of endocrine glands, as a result of which the hormonal background is normalized.
Benefits for women also lies in the large accumulation of iron in the fruit. This helps protect the body from the development of iron deficiency anemia. Also the fruits of the black mountain ash are famous for helping with headaches and physical exhaustion. Regular use of chokeberry normalizes the digestive tract.
Black chokeberry should be consumed by those who are prone to varicose veins. The product strengthens the blood vessels of the circulatory system, cleans them of cholesterol deposits, which protects the body from the formation of blood clots.
The results of numerous studies have shown that black chokeberry has benefits for the male body as well. Regular use of black berries helps to improve blood quality and protects against the occurrence of heart disease. Black chokeberry contains many antioxidants, which purify the cells of the body from harmful compounds. Fresh fruit can be consumed as prostate prevention.
Consumption of berries in fresh form three times a day will help reduce blood pressure. You can prepare a natural juice for this purpose and drink a glass half an hour before a meal.
Useful qualities of black chokeberry during the period of carrying the baby are: the normalization of hemoglobin, cleaning the body of toxic substances, maintaining psychological health, as well as the normalization of pressure, which often accompanies women during childbirth. The plant is able to alleviate the symptoms of toxicosis in the early terms. This is provided by the hepatoprotective properties of berries.
In the third trimester, when pregnant women often suffer from the development of edema, black rowan berries act as a diuretic, but it is important to exercise caution. If there is a decrease in blood pressure during edema, it is not recommended to use this product.
Aronia is an auxiliary component in the treatment of diseases such as hypertension in pregnant women and gestational diabetes. The product also helps with placenta previa and detachment, uterine hematomas.
Harm the body of a pregnant woman black rowan berries can in such cases as a tendency to constipation, exacerbation of ulcers and gastritis. Therefore, before consuming berries, you should consult with a specialist.
During lactation, black chokeberry is useful because it improves the quality of breast milk, making it richer. Drinks made from black chokeberry activate the process of lactation.
Black chokeberry is not recommended for use in children under three years of age. It is better to introduce them into the diet of a child in the preschool period only in small portions. The fruits have a slightly astringent and sour taste, which is usually not to the liking of children. Therefore, it is recommended to combine berries with other fruits, using them to make compote, juice, etc.
Decoction of black chokeberry leaves can be used for inhalations if the child has a severe cough. Jam, jam, juice based on chokeberry fruits will help to strengthen children's weakened immunity.
As a therapeutic agent, black chokeberry can be taken in case of diarrhea in a child. The berries in this case will stop intestinal peristalsis and replenish it with dietary fiber that can bind and remove toxins. This will lead to the normalization of stools.
When losing weight.
Black-fruited rowanberry is also popular when it is necessary to get rid of extra pounds. First of all, this is due to the low caloric content of the product. It is also possible to achieve weight loss with the help of chokeberry due to its diuretic action. Useful berries remove excess water from the body, eliminating the development of edema. In addition, black chokeberry has a positive effect on the metabolic process, speeding it up and improving the digestion of food.
The berries remove toxins from the body. This cleansing also promotes weight loss. By normalizing glucose levels and cholesterol in the blood, rowanberries help to improve the human condition and protect against weight gain.
To get rid of unwanted weight, you can consume berries fresh. It is important not to abuse them. It is enough to eat only 6-7 fruits daily.
You can prepare a decoction of dried berries by pouring a tablespoon of fruit with a glass of boiled water. After that, the mixture should be boiled on the fire for 10 minutes from the moment of boiling. Such a decoction should be drunk several times a day with 2-3 spoons. The intake should be continued until the weight is normalized.
A tablespoon of dried fruits of black chokeberry, a teaspoon of green tea and a cup of boiling water will be required to obtain a useful tea. The berries should be poured over the liquid and insist for 15 minutes. After that, you need to add green tea and also insist for about 15 minutes. The finished tea remains to be strained and used on days of discharge.
What is the usefulness of black rowanberry juice
Black rowanberry juice is used as a therapeutic and preventive means in the presence of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Berry juice lowers blood pressure and removes "bad" cholesterol from the blood. When taking such a drink, the vascular walls become stronger and more elastic. In the treatment of hypertension and avitaminosis is recommended to drink 50 ml of juice three times a day for 14 days.
Regular consumption of rowan-blackberry juice helps to improve the immune system, endocrine glands and liver.
It is not recommended to consume the juice of black chokeberry fruit for GI diseases, low blood pressure and thrombophlebitis. Juice is known for its fastening effect, so you should not use it for people prone to constipation.
The benefits of decoction of black chokeberry
To obtain a decoction, dried berries of black chokeberry are used. Two tablespoons of the product need to pour a glass of boiling water and insist about half an hour. Very useful is a ready-made drink for colds, if there is a fart in the throat. Also as a prevention of seasonal epidemics, you can use decoction of mountain ash.
Tincture of black chokeberry: benefits and harms
The preparation of the tincture involves the use of strong alcohol. So, to obtain a tincture from black chokeberry will require a kilogram of fruit, a liter of vodka and about two cups of sugar. All ingredients should be mixed and put in a dark place for two months. In this case the pot with the tincture should be regularly shaken. At the end of the required time, the drink should be strained and poured into containers for further storage.
The benefit of such a drink is to be used externally as a tonic, as well as a warming agent.
Excessive consumption of alcohol-based tinctures is bad for your health.
The benefits of black chokeberry jam
If there is a reduced acidity of the stomach, chokeberry jam will alleviate the symptoms, because it contains organic substances that improve the process of digestion. After a meal, a small amount of jam will be of great benefit to the digestive tract. It will help relieve the feeling of heaviness in the stomach, protects against belching and bad breath.
Trace elements that are in jam, normalize the function of the nervous and cardiovascular systems. Also the components of rowan-blackberry jam help fight varicose veins.
To reduce the pressure, you can take 30 grams of jam with water or tea, if you want to include in the drink lemon or other fruits enriched with ascorbic acid. This way of consuming jam treats headaches and insomnia.
You can also get rid of seasonal vitamin deficiency with the help of black chokeberry jam.
Black chokeberry in medicine
The fruit has in its composition sorbitol, which can be used to replace sugar for diabetics. Aronia is characterized by many medicinal properties. Hypotensive effect of the product has due to the ability to expand blood vessels and capillaries.
Also black chokeberry has a styptic, analgesic, diuretic and choleretic property. Blackthorn can be used as a hematopoietic agent. The crop has the effect of improving appetite, increases acidity, which regulates the digestive process and stimulates the functioning of the liver.
In Diabetes Mellitus.
Blackberries have been proven to have a therapeutic effect when a person has diabetes mellitus. The product is able to reduce the percentage of glucose in the patient's blood and strengthen the walls of his vessels.
Also with diabetes the wound healing, bactericidal and anti-inflammatory effect of chokeberry fruits is appreciated. As is known, with this disease, gum bleeding often occurs, inflammation of the skin develops. All these complications can be treated with the help of black mountain ash. Thus, you can prepare decoctions and tinctures from the fresh leaves of the plant and use the finished product as a lotions to treat the affected skin.
Diseases of the endocrine system, retinal vascular lesions, weakened immunity - all these and other diseases faced by people suffering from diabetes can be relieved by the rowan berries.
Before using the fruits of this plant as an aid, it is important to consult with your doctor.
Important: The glycemic index of black chokeberry is 25 units.
In the acute form of pancreatitis, black chokeberry, as well as any other berries, vegetables and fruits, are contraindicated. As the patient's condition improves, the diet becomes more varied. However, even at this stage the use of sour berries is unacceptable, since they can have an irritating effect on the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal organs and stimulate secretion.
In any case, black fruit is contraindicated in case of pancreatic inflammation. If in this case the person also has a tendency to constipation, this product is forbidden.
With such a disease should consult a doctor. It is very important not to abuse such berries in any case.
Black rowan is a source of ascorbic acid, iodine and iron. However, if a person is found to have gastritis, this berry should be treated very carefully. The fact is that the high content of acids in the fruits of rowan culture contributes to increased acidity in the stomach. Black-fruit rowan is especially dangerous in case of gastritis with increased acidity. If gastritis is accompanied by low acid secretion, the use of rowan is acceptable, but only in small quantities. So, if you eat no more than 100 grams of this culture a day for half an hour before a meal for a month, you can even replenish the body with useful substances that will adjust the work of all organs and systems. It is important to monitor the well-being of the patient with gastritis.
If an exacerbation of gastritis is observed, it is strictly forbidden to use black chokeberry, because during this period the patient needs to follow a strict diet.
Inclusion in the menu of black mountain ash with peptic ulcer is permissible only with the permission of the attending physician. After all, each situation is individual. In order not to harm the body, it is important to follow the recommendations of a specialist.
Gout is a disease in which the metabolism of nucleic acids is disturbed, resulting in an increased content of uric acid in the blood. In this case, the cartilage and joints are deposited crystals of the acid, resulting in attacks of severe pain in the joints.
With this pathology, the use of black mountain ash is allowed in any form. You can use it fresh or use it to make tea, salad, jelly or jam.
In the case of a disease such as gout, you can use the ripe fruit for a month, consuming several times a day not more than 50 g of berries after meals.
The use of black chokeberry in cosmetology
Black chokeberry has unique properties when used in cosmetology. The antioxidants and tannins contained in the fruit of the plant have a positive effect on the skin. The useful properties of black rowan fruits are expressed in the tonic effect, in the provision of anti-inflammatory action, as well as the ability to inhibit the aging process of the skin.
- To provide fading skin with nutrients and activate the release of collagen, you can prepare a special anti-wrinkle mask. This requires 20 ml of berry juice, 10 g of starch and 20 drops of rice germ oil. All ingredients should be thoroughly mixed and applied to a pre-swollen skin with a special brush. After 30 minutes the mask should be washed off with cool water.
- To get a scrub you will need dried fruits of the rowan bush, which should be crushed to the consistency of powder and massaging movements applied to a moisturized face. Do such a procedure should be done for five minutes. In addition to the fact that such a scrub cleanses the skin, it also has a tightening effect and refreshes the face.
- To make lotion on the basis of the black fruits of mountain ash you need to insist 10 grams of the product in 100 ml of alcohol. Then the mass should be diluted with water or decoction of medicinal herbs in the ratio of 1 teaspoon per glass of liquid. Such a lotion is able to narrow pores, get rid of age spots and improve skin cell metabolism.
Decoction of fresh leaves of black mountain ash is useful for the health of the curls. Such a remedy makes the hair stronger and stimulates its growth.
Harms and contraindications
Although rowan berries are very useful, there are still some restrictions to their use. Black chokeberry should not be used in diseases of the digestive system, if there is an ulcer or gastritis, high acidity of the stomach.
Mountain ash with black berries is contraindicated if blood pressure is low. Thrombophlebitis, viscous blood is also a contraindication to the use of this culture. The berries of this plant fix the stool, so you should not be fond of them in case a person is often constipated.
With caution, it is necessary to take rowan fruits in case of cystitis, kidney stones and gallbladder. There may also be an intolerance to this product, which is manifested by an allergic reaction of the body.
How to choose and store rowanberries
When buying black rowan, it is important that the fruits were not shriveled, dry, with various damages. The berries should be bright, slightly soft. The fruits should be picked after the first frost. In the fall it is important to eat fresh rowanberries, but in the winter you can make preparations. It is recommended to make juices, compote, jam, freezing is allowed, and you can also freeze this product.
To keep all the usefulness of the plant, you should cut off the brush with berries completely. They should be hung on a rope. It is important to rinse the fruits beforehand and dry them in the oven at a high temperature (40-50 degrees). It is not recommended to over-dry the rowanberries. The finished products should be placed in glass or plastic containers and covered tightly. Store in a ventilated room with a normal level of humidity.
Can I freeze
Black rowan berries can be frozen. To do this, the berries must be packed in containers or bags and placed in a quick freezer. This is necessary so that the product does not turn the sugar in its composition into starch. These berries are great for making juice in the winter.
What can be cooked from black chokeberry: recipes
Thanks to its many useful components, the culture has found wide application in cooking. Dishes, drinks and desserts using such an ingredient have not only a pleasant taste, but also enrich the body with many vitamins and mineral compounds.
To get the juice, you need to wash 300 grams of fruit in cold water and grind them to a mushy consistency. From this mass then need to squeeze the juice. The rest should be poured with water, using a glass of water per 1 kg of berries, and insist about an hour. After that, repeat the extraction and add the juice to the resulting liquid. This procedure should be repeated several times. This is done for the drink to contain as many useful substances as possible. Next, the juice should be poured into containers, which should be sterilized and sealed with lids. Store the juice in a dark and cool place.
For jam, you need a kilogram of berries, one and a half kilograms of sugar and a glass of water. First you should boil the sugar syrup, and then add the rowanberries. The mass should be boiled for 10-15 minutes, stirring constantly. Next, the jam should rest for a few hours, then repeat the boiling again. Do this three times. Ready dessert to pour into jars for storage.
To obtain a wine drink, you will need to prepare some ingredients. So, for 5 kg of rowan black berries you will need a liter of water, 1 kg of sugar and 65 g of raisins. The rowanberries should be washed and thoroughly kneaded, add sugar and raisins and put in a warm place for about 5-7 days. When the fruit rises to the top, you need to filter the mass, and from the berries to squeeze the juice by hand. To the cake again you should add 0.5 kg of sugar and a liter of water. Such a composition should ferment again. After a week, the fermented juice should be poured into a common bowl, covered with gauze and stored in a dark place where it is warm. In this case, you get a preparation for wine. Fermentation usually takes a month and a half.
The finished product should be clear, light and without sediment. Store the wine in a cool place in a hermetically sealed container. If the container is open, the drink can form substances that can be harmful to human health.
To prepare the compote, in a large saucepan, you should measure the required amount of water, a multiple of the volume of the available jars. In the water you need to add sugar in the proportion of 200 g per 1 liter of liquid and boil the syrup for a few minutes. Rinsed black rowan berries placed in boiling water for 5 minutes, then immediately cool them with cold water. After this all the liquid should drain from the berries. Then you can put the rowanberries in jars and pour the boiling syrup. In this form, the jars should cool.
Next, drain the syrup, bring it to a boil again and pour it back into the jars. It remains only to close the lid. It is worth noting that mountain ash combines well with apple, plum, cherry, so you can make a combined compote.
Prepare a morsel can be made from fresh rowanberries or use a frozen product. To get it you will need a glass of black berries, half a lemon, half a cup of sugar and a liter and a half of boiled water. The rowan berries should be well washed and crushed to a pulp. This can be done with a blender or meat grinder. In this mass you should add sugar and leave for a couple of hours, so that the berries let out the juice.
Then you need to remove the zest and squeeze the juice from the lemon. This liquid should be added to the black chokeberry. Then it is necessary to pour water into the resulting mass and put it on the fire. At the moment of boiling, turn off the fire and let the drink infuse for 20 minutes. The finished drink only needs to be strained. If necessary, you can add a little more sugar.
Interesting facts about black rowan
- It is interesting that fresh rowan berries contain about 10% of sugar, while dried berries have almost 35%.
- It should be noted that chokeberry can grow even in permafrost conditions. The structure of this plant is similar to the apple.
- Drought is also not dangerous for this culture. After all, while the horizontal roots are located at a depth of up to 0.5 m, the vertical roots go almost 2 m deep, due to which the plant is able to use moisture from both the upper layers of the soil and from the lower ones.
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