How to Make Croutons: 11 Recipes
Probably there is no person who has never tried breadcrumbs. However, few people have thought about the benefits and harm they can bring to human health. The positive and negative properties of such a product largely depend on the composition and method of preparation. In order not to harm your body, you should understand the qualities of croutons and learn how to make them yourself. It is also important to know when such a treat would be a great snack, and when it is better to give it up.
- What are croutons
- Chemical composition and calories
- What are the benefits of croutons
- Weight loss
- For kids
- Gastritis and ulcers
- For pancreatitis.
- What is healthier: fresh bread or croutons
- How to cook bread crumbs at home
- In the oven
- In a Frying Pan
- In the microwave
- With white bread
- With Black Bread
- With garlic
- With condiments
- With cheese
- For Caesar salad
- For soup
- For Beer
- How to Store Homemade Croutons
- Contraindications and harms of breadcrumbs
What are croutons
Croutons are a product that is obtained from sliced and dried bread of different kinds.
It is much easier to prepare this snack from a slightly dried, stale flour products. In this case, the base for the breadcrumbs will not crumble when sliced. This also allows you to maintain the necessary shape of the workpieces.
If only fresh and crumbly bread is available, it is advisable to place it in the refrigerator before slicing, with the bag or protective film removed. After a few hours in a cold place, you can use the product for its intended purpose.
The shelf life of the bread used to make breadcrumbs plays an important role. Thus, the product should not have an unpleasant smell or mold, as this can be dangerous to health.
When slicing the loaf, it is necessary to consider that the finished breadcrumbs should be well dried on all sides, as well as the point that in the finished form it was convenient to eat them. If you have to cook them as an additive for soup puree, you can make breadcrumbs of an elongated shape, to chicken broth it is recommended to make preparations in the form of cubes.
Selection of seasonings requires special attention. Most hostesses prefer to use mixtures of spices. But it is also possible to use a single spice. Most often in such cases, salt and pepper, garlic, paprika, etc. are used. To soak bread slices in such spices, you need to combine them with water, and then sprinkle each breadcrumb with the resulting solution using a sprayer.
Chemical composition and calories
Such a snack is a bread cut into equal slices, which is re-baked in the oven or in a pan. The basis for breadcrumbs can be rye, wheat, you can also use rolls based on oatmeal, pea flour.
These flour products are enriched with many vitamins and minerals. So, here you can find retinol, tocopherol, niacin and various B-group vitamins. In addition, the breadcrumbs contain organic compounds such as fiber and starch. They also contain a whole list of minerals, including calcium and potassium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, iodine, zinc, selenium and others.
All these valuable elements are involved in maintaining normal digestion. They help improve metabolism, replenish energy reserves, regulate phospholipid metabolism in the liver. Lack of all these components has a negative impact on the intestinal function, the process of digestion. For this reason, many nutritionists recommend using breadcrumbs instead of fresh baked goods, which are much healthier.
However, you need to remember that such a snack is characterized by a rather high degree of caloric content, so you need to observe the dosages. This figure depends on the recipe of the base. For example, if sweet buns with raisins and chocolate were used to prepare breadcrumbs, therefore, these ingredients and provide an increase in the energy value of the product and increase the number of calories in it. Such a treat would not be healthy, especially if used during weight loss.
Black bread crumbs have a lower caloric value, unlike the white variety. They also have a low glycemic index, which is very important for people with diabetes. In addition, the snack of the black flour product contains fewer simple carbohydrates and is characterized by a rich vitamin complex. Such a variant is suitable for thinners. In 100 g contains 330 kcal. These breadcrumbs are not harmful, moreover, they enrich the human body with fiber, which improves digestion. It should be borne in mind that it is impossible to lose weight only on such a product, despite the fact that it has a number of useful qualities. It is necessary to control the amount of dried breadcrumbs eaten, since there are a lot of calories in them.
A treat made from white bread has a lesser degree of usefulness. The base made of wheat flour contains more simple carbohydrates, which lead to an increase in the blood glucose index. The caloric value of such a product ranges from 200 to 400 kcal per 100 grams. These values indicate that such breadcrumbs can be dangerous because they lead to fatty deposits.
The classification of this product depends on the valuable and harmful properties. Based on this, breadcrumbs are divided into simple and baked breadcrumbs.
In the first case, rye and wheat flour is used. A little less water is used here. First, the dough is baked, which is distributed in special forms. After cooling, the workpieces should be cut into equal pieces. During drying, the humidity should not exceed 10%. The finished product is packed in bags.
As for breadcrumbs made of muffin dough, its useful characteristics are reduced by the use of additional ingredients. To prepare such a base, white flour of the highest grade is taken. It may also contain sugar, fatty components, pieces of fruit and other ingredients. The cooking process is the same as with plain dough.
What are the benefits of bread crumbs
Since the delicacy is characterized by a light structure, the benefits for the stomach in it are more. Such a product is easier to digest by the body, normalizes the functioning of the intestine. Sukhariki for the elderly are useful for their ability to eliminate flatulence.
In the process of drying, the structure of the snack changes, it becomes easier for the stomach, which protects it from overloading.
Breadcrumbs are characterized by a rich chemical composition. For example, zinc and selenium, found in the product of black bread, can protect the skin, B vitamins are responsible for the health of hair and nails.
Another useful property of breadcrumbs is that they contribute to reducing the risk of cancer and diabetes.
When losing weight
Nutrition experts recommend that dieters use dried rye slices instead of rolls and bread. This is due to the fact that the cells of the human body are only able to work properly if they are supplied with carbohydrates, which are the main source of energy. Fresh products contain much more of these elements than a thin person can afford. Therefore, as an alternative, it is possible to consume breadcrumbs, that is, the amount of dried slices is not proportional to the fresh bun. And, as we know, the latter product stimulates the appetite, which leads to the fact that a person begins to eat in large quantities.
Croutons, on the other hand, in which all the valuable substances are preserved, are a nourishing and at the same time useful addition to various dietary dishes.
As for the benefits of this crunchy goodness while waiting for the baby and breastfeeding, there are some nuances. The expectant mother should think not only about her health, but also about how not to harm the health of the future child. In this case, you will have to refuse to buy croutons with caviar flavor, crab and various additives. It is also not recommended at this time to use products with raisins and other fillings.
During lactation, too, it is unknown how the baby may react to the components that were used in the process of making such a treat. In this case it should be borne in mind that some unscrupulous manufacturers as raw materials for their products use stale base, which not only does not carry any benefits, but at the same time can cause unpleasant consequences.
The harm to the child lies not only in the development of diathesis, but also in the appearance of serious disorders in the digestive system.
Only breadcrumbs made by yourself at home from a simple loaf are allowed to use. The ideal raw material will be bread made by your own hands. Such a base will only need to be chopped into cubes and dried using an oven or on the stove. Some housewives to obtain breadcrumbs toasted bread slices in a toaster, then cut them into small pieces with a sharp knife.
Most parents like to give their children a variety of sweets and junk food, and this dried product is no exception. It is especially common for a child to encounter dried foods for the first time during teething.
Pediatricians recommend following some rules. If we are talking about purchased products, some of them may contain protein, which causes an allergic reaction in the baby. Such a treat is approved for use in children only after one year of age. If your child has an intolerance to gluten or any other ingredient in the product, you will have to give it up.
In addition, store croutons contain many flavorings, flavor enhancers, sugar and various other additives. Give such a treat for a child can only be after three years.
Croutons, which include only flour, water, salt and yeast, can safely give your child. It is best to prepare such a delicacy at home, because only in this case you can be sure of the benefits and safety of cooked dainty.
Often in many painful conditions buy this product. However, you need to know that there are pathologies in which you should not include such a dish in your diet. It is also necessary to know all the properties of such a product and consume it taking into account the recommendations of specialists.
With gastritis and ulcers
Before buying breadcrumbs, you should exclude options that contain flavorings and flavor enhancers, as well as some spices and seasonings. Instead, only breadcrumbs without any additives are allowed for these diseases. The daily norm of such a product should not exceed 200 g. They should not be consumed dry, but combined with a light garnish or with water. With various forms of gastritis, wheat breadcrumbs are recommended.
This disease involves the rejection of many products, as for dried products, only wheat products can be consumed. Breadcrumbs made of muffin, rye and spicy raw materials are prohibited. Such a treat can be consumed with kefir, tea, use as an additive to soups and broths. Doctors allow to take such food only after two weeks have passed since the exacerbation, so as not to damage the inflamed mucosa of the organ.
In diabetes mellitus
It is forbidden to use store-bought breadcrumbs for this disease, because they contain dangerous preservatives and salts, which cause swelling, deterioration of the heart and the urinary system. It is these organs that are more susceptible to negative effects due to impaired blood glucose levels.
Experts point out that the safest and most useful are rye breadcrumbs made from whole-grain and oat products. Such products have low glycemic indexes and do not lead to an increase in sugar levels in the body.
What is healthier: fresh bread or breadcrumbs
Numerous studies have shown that the highest percentage of usefulness, compared to fresh baked goods, is characterized by breadcrumbs. Moreover, soft and fresh flour products are prohibited for use in the initial stages of digestive tract diseases.
Croutons are considered more useful because of several properties, such as a longer shelf life and the ability to eliminate bloating. Such homemade treats will help to restore the gastrointestinal tract after poisoning, as they are easily digested and do not burden the stomach.
Experts advise to give up flour products, various pastries and instead include croutons in your diet every day, which will become a light and at the same time nourishing snack.
How to cook croutons at home
To date, we know a lot of options for making healthy breadcrumbs with their own hands. And this does not require special devices. Cooking breadcrumbs at home involves obtaining a finished product that is delicious, safe and healthy, as in this case you can control the addition of spices and various auxiliary components.
In the oven
You can use the oven to make croutons that are flavorful and crunchy. For this you will need yesterday's white bun or rye loaf, 4 tbsp of tomato paste and the same amount of olive oil, as well as herbs and seasonings as desired.
First you need to prepare the dressing by combining the paste, oil and spices. After that, cut the bakery into slices and smear the resulting mixture. Ready slices only need to spread on a baking tray and send it to the preheated oven for half an hour.
In a pan
It is very easy to prepare rye breadcrumbs. You just need to cut a black loaf of bread into small cubes. The resulting slices spread on a heated frying pan and fry over moderate heat, stirring occasionally. After 10 minutes, add garlic, cheese, dried herbs and various spices to taste. After that, cook the croutons for the same amount of time.
Place the finished products on paper towels for a few minutes. When the crispy slices have cooled, you can enjoy the flavorful taste of the breadcrumbs.
In the microwave
It's very easy to make dried croutons in the microwave. You will need one loaf, some herbs, a pinch of salt and 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil. Start the process of preparing croutons by combining the spices and salt. Next, cut the bread into thin slices, with the crust better removed with a knife. After that, in a bowl, mix the sliced billets with seasonings. Now pour a small spoonful of oil on the bottom of a casserole dish and distribute it evenly. Here put the breadcrumbs and stir them with a fork so that the oil is absorbed into the bread base. Repeat such manipulations with the remaining amount of vegetable oil, pouring it on the bottom of the tray, not on the flour product.
Then transfer the future breadcrumbs to a dish suitable for the microwave, and send it to dry for a couple of minutes, turning on the maximum power on the device.
After two minutes, stir the contents and leave for the same amount of time. Repeat the procedure until the breadcrumbs start tapping. After that, dry the product for a few more minutes so that it acquires the desired blush.
With white bread
You will need 1/2 of the bread, garlic, 4 tbsp of vegetable oil, salt and spices to taste.
Cut the flour base in small pieces and put it in a suitable container, you can use a regular bag for this. Here add crushed garlic, oil, spices, dried herbs, for spicy breadcrumbs you can use red pepper. Now you need to close the crock with the preparations and shake it until all the components are completely distributed.
The resulting cubes are poured on a baking tray, which is then sent to the oven heated to 200 degrees. At the same time, stir the contents periodically. This is necessary in order for the breadcrumbs to turn out ruddy on all sides. Cooking time in this case depends on personal taste preferences.
From black bread
Another option for an ideal snack is the preparation of breadcrumbs from black bread. In this case, you need to prepare 700 g of black bread and salt and spices to taste.
First, cut the loaf into two parts and get rid of all the crusts. After that, from the remaining bread, cut the future breadcrumbs into cubes or slices. Now place the workpieces on a mold, mix with spices and salt.
Next, turn on the oven and preheat to maximum temperature. Send the tray with breadcrumbs to the oven, where the temperature should not exceed 60 degrees. It is recommended to leave the door of the device ajar. This will achieve a suitable atmosphere. Since the bread contains a lot of moisture, it should come out during the drying process. After two hours, remove the treat from the oven. After cooling, you can enjoy the fragrant breadcrumbs.
Cooking garlic breadcrumbs at home does not take much time. Making them at home can be faster than going to the store for them. In addition, the products created with their own hands will be distinguished by their naturalness, without the use of flavorings and various harmful additives. Such croutons are suitable for tea, beer, as well as used for inclusion in salads.
So, from the ingredients you need 250 g of bread, a few garlic cloves, 60 ml of olive oil, a pinch of salt and black pepper to taste.
First you need to remove the crust of the bread, and then cut it into cubes or bars. Next, peel the garlic and crush it. In a small bowl, mix the garlic mixture, as well as all the spices and olive pomace. While the oven preheats to 200 degrees, place the bread billets in the resulting sauce. In doing so, thoroughly mix the future breadcrumbs with the garlic mixture. After that, ready slices are evenly distributed on the baking tray and send it to the oven for 15-20 minutes.
Crispy breadcrumbs with spices are also very easy to prepare. For this you will need half of the bread, 2 tbsp. each of seasoning "hopli-uneli" and vegetable oil, as well as salt to taste.
To get such breadcrumbs, first you need to cut the bread into small cubes. After that, turn on the oven. While it heats up, add spices and salt to the bread crumbs. Mix all the ingredients well. After that, pour in the oil and stir the contents again. Place the prepared cubes on a baking tray and send them to dry in an oven for half an hour at 180 degrees. During this time it is necessary to stir the croutons 2-3 times.
To make a fragrant cheese snack, you'll need 400 g of bread, 3-4 tbsp. of oil, 1 tsp. of dried garlic, the same amount of spice mixture, sweet paprika, salt and 50 g of cheese.
Cut a loaf of bread into small cubes. It is best to use slightly dried products, so that the breadcrumbs will be even. In a separate bowl, combine the oil, spices with spices and salt. When adding salt, you need to take into account that cheese is a salty product, in addition, most of the seasonings used for this also contain this component. The composition of spices can be adjusted according to the taste preferences of the household.
Put the sliced bread in a bag or dish with a lid, mix with the prepared mixture and stir so that the spices are distributed on the bread cubes.
Place the prepared breadcrumbs on a baking tray lined with parchment. Now send the billets in an oven heated to 150 degrees. With periodic stirring, bake for no more than 20 minutes until they dry out, become hard and ruddy. In the meantime, you should prepare the cheese. Grate it and sprinkle it on the breadcrumbs. After that, hold the tray in the oven for another 5 minutes at 220 degrees until the cheese melts.
For the Caesar salad
To dress the dish with breadcrumbs, you need to cut a loaf of bread into 1-2 cm slices. The resulting slices lay out on a baking dish, sprinkle with a small amount of ground black pepper, you can also season with paprika. Then send the slices to the oven at 180 degrees.
You can also cook them on the stove, using an ordinary frying pan, without adding oil. The heat should be medium. Periodically, the croutons should be turned so that they evenly dry and brown, otherwise they will not crisp in the finished dish. Add them to the salad last, before serving.
Many soups are served and eaten with breadcrumbs. They can complement and emphasize the taste of such first courses. It is better to serve them in a separate dish so that they do not become soggy immediately.
To prepare breadcrumbs you will need three slices of bread, 10 g of butter, 10 ml of vegetable oil, 3-4 cloves of garlic and salt to taste.
You need to melt butter in a frying pan, add the vegetable product to it, then include chopped garlic and fry it until it darkens. Then take it out of the oil. In the resulting garlic mass put diced bread and fry with periodic stirring. The bread crumbs should be lightly salted to taste, after which they can be used in food.
To prepare a snack for this alcoholic beverage, it is enough to have 1/2 of the bread, 50 ml of vegetable oil, 1 tbsp of herbs and salt to taste.
First you need to chop the flour product. After that, in a small bowl, combine the oil (it is better to use olive oil), spices and salt. Those who like spicy can add a pinch of black pepper or red paprika. Pour the bread slices into the mixture. Next, mix the ingredients so that each piece is soaked in the sauce. Now send the preparations for breadcrumbs to the oven, heated to 220 degrees, for 15-20 minutes.
How to store homemade croutons
It should be noted that the longest shelf life have products made from bread, for the production of which was used flour of the highest and first varieties, or products that do not contain in their composition fat.
Humidity should not exceed 75 percent. In conditions of dampness, the snack begins to sour and become soggy. Dry air also adversely affects the quality of breadcrumbs. This leads to the fact that they become stiff and brittle.
Some hostesses use special breadcrumbs or containers to store breadcrumbs. It is not recommended to store them in plastic bags, as the product will not be able to "breathe" so. You can use for this purpose tins from under the baby food.
Contraindications and harms of breadcrumbs
This snack is characterized by many useful properties, but there are also some limitations. This is due to the fact that the purchased product contains in its composition various preservatives and artificial additives.
Uncontrolled use of such a delicacy can lead to an increase in body weight, the development of stagnation in the intestines, exacerbation of ulcers.
Sukhariki are contraindicated in gastrointestinal diseases in the period of exacerbation, with chronic intestinal pathologies. It should be noted that the products of black bread varieties are characterized by high acidity, which can have an irritating effect on the mucous membrane of the stomach. With frequent heartburn, you should also not use such a product in food. If a person often faces such an ailment, he is recommended to prepare the simplest breadcrumbs at home.
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